Food (Standards & Composition)

Food labelling for greengrocers

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In the guide

The essentials of food labelling for the greengrocer, including the use of variety and organic

This guidance is for Wales

Fruit and vegetables on sale at greengrocers should be marked with the true name of the food. Most fruit and vegetables are required by European Union (EU) grading legislation to be labelled with their class and may also need labelling with country of origin and variety.

Care should be taken with any other descriptions to ensure they are correct - 'organic', for example. There are other requirements in relation to pricing and weight marking of the products.

Required labelling should be on a notice, on the food, that is clear and conspicuous to customers.

The true name of the food

Food products must have a name indicated that adequately describes them.

Irradiation

Food or ingredients that have been irradiated must be declared and labelled 'irradiated' or 'treated with ionising radiation'.

EU marketing rules & grading requirements

Most fruit and vegetables are required by EU grading legislation to be labelled with their class and may also need labelling with country of origin and variety. The Horticultural Marketing Inspectorate (HMI) is responsible for the enforcement of these requirements. More information on traders' legal obligations can be found on the GOV.UK website.

Country of origin or place of provenance

The country of origin or place of provenance should be marked if failure to do so would be misleading. (This place of provenance is a more local description than country of origin - for example, English strawberries or Tasmanian apples.)

Waxed fruit & other treatments

Fruit that has been waxed must be labelled as such. Any other treatment or process that a product has been subjected to must also be given - for example, beetroot that has been dipped in vinegar or cooked should be labelled as such.

Cut, peeled or similarly treated prepacked fruit & vegetables

These are required to bear a list of ingredients unless the product is made up of a single ingredient. Some prepared salads, dried fruit and peeled potatoes are treated with preservative solution to keep them fresh; this, and anything else that has been added, must be declared as an ingredient.

Allergens

If sulphur dioxide or sulphites have been used as a preservative, they must be highlighted in the ingredients list in order to comply with allergen-labelling requirements. For further information on allergen labelling see 'Food allergens & intolerance'.

Organic

Organic fruit and vegetables can only come from producers, importers or processors that have been inspected and approved by a body authorised by the Government. Food from any other source is not 'organic' and to describe it as such is an offence. See 'Labelling & describing organic food' for further information.

Weights & measures

For information regarding weighing and measuring requirements for products sold loose and/or prepacked, please see 'Weights & measures for greengrocers'.

Penalties

Failure to comply may result in an improvement notice being issued, requiring compliance to be achieved. If the improvement notice is not complied with it is an offence under the Food Safety Act 1990. The maximum penalty is a fine and two years' imprisonment.

If allergen information does not comply with the requirements it is an offence under the Food Information (Wales) Regulations 2014. The maximum penalty is a fine.

Key legislation

Last reviewed / updated: March 2018

Please note

This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.

The guide's 'Key legislation' links may only show the original version of the legislation, although some amending legislation is linked to separately where it is directly related to the content of a guide. Information on amendments to UK legislation can be found on each link's 'More Resources' tab; amendments to EU legislation are usually incorporated into the text.

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