In the guide
This guidance is for Wales
The Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Wales) Regulations 2014 cover the disposal of deer carcases, parts of deer and products of deer origin not intended for human consumption. The Regulations apply to both farmed and wild deer (subject to specific criteria).
Strict controls are in place to ensure animal by-products are disposed of safely to reduce the risk of the spread of disease.
If you think that a notifiable disease, in particular TB, has caused ill health or death, you must report it to your animal health team (trading standards or environmental health service) or the regional operations director at your local APHA office (Animal and Plant Health Agency). Carcases should be available to be examined by post-mortem in these cases. Always consider the possibility of anthrax if death is sudden and unexplained. Do not dispose of the animal until directed to do so by either an APHA official or an animal health inspector.
Farmed deer (kept within a ring fence)
The disposal of deer carcases, parts of deer carcases, and products of deer origin, are controlled by the Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Wales) Regulations 2014 and are classed as category 2 material.
The Regulations require this material to be collected and transported without undue delay to one of the following:
For more information on what constitutes an approved, technical or 'authorised' premises and where these can be found, please visit the GOV.UK website.
Burial or burning of carcases is only permitted in Wales in specific remote areas - namely the islands of Ramsey, Caldey, Bardsey and Flatholm. Disposal in this way is subject to strict rules and record keeping.
The Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Wales) Regulations 2014 only apply to wild deer if the animal is suspected of being infected with a disease communicable to animals or humans. In this case the carcase must be treated as high risk (category 1 animal by-product) and disposed of accordingly.
In all other cases concerning wild deer hunted in their natural habitat, if good hunting practices are observed the Regulations do not apply and gralloch (entrails) and other body parts may be disposed of safely on site. However, 'approved game handling establishments' (AGHEs) do need to dispose of animal by-products generated on their premises in line with the Regulations.
Gralloch from any deer suspected of having a notifiable disease, in particular TB, cannot be buried. This material will have to be collected in a sealable container and carried back to the premises - for example, the larder - for inspection and disposal. If carcases are taken to a larder additional controls may apply, depending on the amount of further dressing that takes place.
Wild deer that are suspected of being infected with a disease communicable to humans or animals must be disposed of as an animal by-product by either:
Animal by-products must be collected, identified and disposed of without undue delay in order to prevent risks arising to public and animal health.
Animal by-products must be transported in sealed new packaging, or covered leakproof containers or vehicles.
Containers should be dedicated to the use of specific categories of animal by-products. If not they must be cleaned and disinfected after each use in order to prevent cross-contamination.
Animal by-products must be identified in accordance with the Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Wales) Regulations 2014:
The person consigning the animal by-product must keep a record of each consignment and must ensure that identifying documentation accompanies the by-product during its transport. Such records and documentation must be retained by the consignor / haulier and consignee for two years, and must show the:
If the document is produced by the consignor, it should be signed by the consignor. If the document is produced by the transporter, it should be signed by the transporter. Each movement of animal by-products and derived products must be accompanied by the top copy of the commercial document, which has to be left at the destination premises. The premises of origin and the transporter each retain a copy.
For additional information see the Food Standards Agency publication The Wild Game Guide, which is a guide to the hygiene regulations for people who shoot wild game and supply in-fur or in-feather, or as small quantities of wild game meat.
Failure to comply with any provision of the law is an offence. The maximum penalty is a fine and two years' imprisonment.
Last reviewed / updated: June 2016
This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.
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