Animal Health & Welfare

Casualty slaughter for farmers and hauliers


In the guide

What the law says about the health and fitness of animals prior to their transportation and emergency on-farm slaughter

This guidance is for Wales

Casualty animals must not be transported unless they are fit for the intended journey. If in doubt, veterinary advice should be sought. There is no obligation for a slaughterhouse to accept casualty animals and arrangements with the slaughterhouse management must be made before sending any such animal to slaughter.

All farmed animals, including those known or suspected to be injured or showing signs of abnormality, must be accompanied to a slaughterhouse with a food chain information declaration, completed by the owner or person in charge of the animal.

Where an otherwise healthy animal, fit for human consumption, has had an accident rendering it unfit for transport, it may be possible to slaughter outside of a licensed slaughterhouse and move the carcase directly to a licenced slaughterhouse. To do this you will need an ante-mortem veterinary inspection and declaration.

Transporting of casualty animals

Under the Welfare of Animals (Transport) (Wales) Order 2007 you must not transport an animal unless it is fit for the intended journey and suitable provision has been made for its care during the journey and on arrival at its destination.

In particular, an animal is not considered fit for its intended journey if it is ill, injured, infirm or fatigued. However, where its condition is only 'slight', the animal may be transported, providing the intended journey is not likely to cause unnecessary suffering.

No animal may be loaded by dragging or pushing by any means, or lifted by a mechanical device except under direct veterinary supervision for transport to the nearest available place for veterinary treatment.

If in any doubt about fitness to travel, always consult a veterinary surgeon.

Note: there is no obligation for a slaughterhouse to accept casualty animals; always check with the slaughterhouse prior to transporting any animal.

Documentation required

The Food Hygiene (Wales) Regulations 2006 and EU Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs require the following documentation to be held: 


All cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and horses moving to a slaughterhouse must be accompanied by a completed food chain information (FCI) declaration. A live casualty animal (if fit to be transported) known or suspected to be injured or showing signs of abnormality, must be accompanied to a slaughterhouse by a FCI declaration, completed by the owner or person in charge of the animal. This declaration identifies the animal and any veterinary medicinal products or other treatments administered to it within the last six months, including dates of administration and withdrawal periods. The disease status of the holding must also be declared.

You must confirm your intention to send a live casualty animal to a slaughterhouse prior to transporting it; this is to ensure that the slaughterhouse operator will accept the animal and that an official veterinarian (OV) will be available to carry out a post-mortem examination. The food chain information declaration must be handed to the OV on arrival at the slaughterhouse.

Live casualty sheep / goats must also be accompanied by a fully completed movement document for sheep and goats (either a paper copy AML1 form or electronic copy using the EIDCymru system that can be printed by the haulier if requested to do so by an inspector). Live casualty pigs must also be accompanied by a haulier summary for pigs (using a bureau service provided by AHDB Pork). A valid cattle / horse passport must accompany cattle / horses. All livestock species must be correctly identified in accordance with the relevant legisalation. This is the responsibility of the keeper.

See 'Food chain information' for more information. The slaughterhouse operator may also be able to help.


Animals slaughtered outside a licensed slaughterhouse will only be eligible for human consumption if they were otherwise healthy animals that have suffered an accident and are unable to be transported live to a slaughterhouse for welfare reasons. Such animals must be examined by a veterinary surgeon ante-mortem and must then be accompanied by an emergency slaughter declaration completed by the animal owner (or their agent) and the veterinary surgeon that examined the animal subject to emergency slaughter.

A template emergency slaughter declaration is attached.

You must confirm your intention to send an animal subject to emergency slaughter with the slaughterhouse operator to ensure that it will be accepted and that an OV will be available to carry out post-mortem examination. The emergency slaughter declaration must be handed to the OV upon arrival at the slaughterhouse. An emergency slaughter declaration provides no guarantee that the OV will not identify any deficiencies that would make the meat unfit for human consumption.

Removal of the stomach and intestines, but no other dressing, may take place at the point of slaughter in the presence of the veterinarian. Any viscera removed must accompany the slaughtered animal to the slaughterhouse and be identified as belonging to that animal.

The slaughtered animal must be transported to the slaughterhouse hygienically and without undue delay. If it is likely that more than two hours will elapse between slaughter and arrival at the slaughterhouse, the body must be transported in a refrigerated vehicle, or climatic conditions must be appropriate.

Bovine animals over 48 months old* that have undergone emergency slaughter must have a brain stem sample (BSS) taken for BSE testing purposes in accordance with the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (Wales) Regulations 2008. Care should be taken to ensure that severe damage to the brain stem is avoided, as failure to obtain a suitable BSS will render the animal ineligible for the food chain. When a bovine animal is slaughtered outside of a slaughterhouse, the keeper has the responsibility of completing the death details in the cattle passport and sending the passport with the animal to the slaughterhouse if the carcase requires dressing.

[*If born in an EU member state except Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania; aged over 24 months if born in Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania or any non-EU country.]


Failure to comply with any provision of the law is an offence. The maximum penalty is a fine and two years' imprisonment.

Key legislation

Last reviewed / updated: June 2018

Please note

This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.

The guide's 'Key legislation' links may only show the original version of the legislation, although some amending legislation is linked to separately where it is directly related to the content of a guide. Information on amendments to UK legislation can be found on each link's 'More Resources' tab; amendments to EU legislation are usually incorporated into the text.

© 2018 itsa Ltd.

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